- Peck, G., C. Miles, J. King, T. Bradshaw, N. Rothwell, and I. Merwin. 2014. An Introduction to Hard Cider in the U.S. eXtension.
- Peck, G. and C. Miles. 2015. Assessing the Production Scale and Research and Extension Needs of U.S. Hard Cider Producers. Journal of Extension. 53(5): Article 5FEA10.
- Merwin, I.A., S. Valois, and O.I. Padilla-Zakour. 2008. Cider Apple and Cider-Making Techniques in Europe and North America. Horticultural Reviews. 34:365-415.
- Peck, G. M. McGuire, T. Boudreaux IV, and A. Stewart. 2016. Crop Load Density Affects ‘York’ Apple Juice and Hard Cider Quality. HortScience 51(9):1098-1102. doi: 10.21273/HORTSCI10962-16
- Peck, G., M. Bateman, T. Chao, C. Miles, and I. Merwin. 2016. Importing European Cider Cultivars into the U.S. Poster presented at CiderCon 2016. Portland, OR.
- Miles, C., J. King, and G. Peck. 2015. Commonly Grown Cider Apple Cultivars in the U.S. WSU Cider Report 202. WSU NWREC, Mt. Vernon, WA. 2 pp.
- Merwin, I.A. 2015. Growing apples for craft ciders. New York Fruit Quarterly 23(1):5-9.
- Rosenberger, D. 2015. Top-working could speed production of cider apples. Blog post. Tree Fruit Diseases.
- Thompson-Witrick, K.A., K.M. Goodrich, A.P. Neilson, E.K. Hurley, G.M. Peck, and A.S. Stewart. 2014. Characterization of the polyphenol composition of 20 cultivars of cider, processing, and dessert apples (Malus X domestica) grown in Virginia. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 62:10181-10191.
- Rosenberger, D.A., F.W. Meyer, R.C. Christiana, and A.L. Rugh. 2008. Disease susceptibility of 11 hard-cider apple cultivars in southeastern New York, 2006-2007. Plant Disease Management Reports 2:PF030. <pdf>
- Valois, S., I.A. Merwin, and O.I. Padilla-Zakour. 2006. Characterization of fermented cider apple cultivars grown in Upstate New York. Journal of the American Pomological Society. 60(3):113-128.
- Boudreau IV, T.F., G.M. Peck, S.F. O’Keefe, and A.C. Stewart. 2017. Free Amino Nitrogen Concentration Correlates to Total Yeast Assimilable Nitrogen Concentration in Apple Juice. Food Science and Nutrition. Online: 1-5. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.536
- Boudreau IV, T.F., G.M. Peck, S. Ma, N. Patrick, S. Duncan, S.F. O’Keefe, and A.C. Stewart. 2017. Hydrogen sulphide production during cider fermentation is moderated by pre-fermentation methionine addition. Journal of the Institute of Brewing. doi: 10.1002/jib.449.
- Boudreaux IV, T.F., G.M. Peck, S.F. O’Keefe, and A.C. Stewart. 2017. The interactive effect of fungicide residues and yeast assimilable nitrogen on fermentation kinetics and hydrogen sulfide production during cider fermentation. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 97(2): 693–704. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.8096.
- Gerling, C., O. Padilla-Zakour, A.K. Mansfield, D.C. Manns, C. McGregor, B. Rickard, and M. Sugrue. 2016. Fermentation optimization and consumer acceptance evaluation of New York apple varieties as a base for hard cider. NY Fruit Quarterly 24(1):20-23.
- Gerling, C.J., M.E. Sugrue, C. McGregor, A.K. Mansfield, and O.I. Padilla-Zakour. 2016. Commercial Tannin Addition to Increase Polyphenolic Content of Ciders Made From Popular NY Apples. Poster presented at CiderCon 2016. Portland, OR.
- Boudreau, T.F., M. McGuire, G.M. Peck, and A.C. Stewart. 2016. Yeast Assimilable Nitrogen Concentration in Cider Apples from Virginia. Poster presented at CiderCon 2016. Portland, OR.
Marketing and Economics
- Pashow, L. 2018 Hard Cider Supply Chain Analysis.
- Galinato, S. and G. Peck. 2016. The Economics of Growing Cider Apples. Proceedings paper presented at CiderCON 2016. Portland, OR.
- Cornell University, College of Agriculture and Life Science. Libations Go Local: Supporting New York’s Wine-Makers, Breweries and Distilleries. Statistics on and resources for New York’s craft beverage industry.
- Shapiro, M. and M.I. Gómez. 2014. Customer satisfaction and sales performance in wine tasting rooms. International Journal of Wine Business Research 26.1:45–60.
- Farris, J.G., G.M. Peck, and G.E. Groover. 2013. Assessing the Economic Feasibility of Growing Specialized Apple Cultivars for Sale to Commercial Hard Cider Producers. Virginia Cooperative Extension Publication AREC-46P, Blacksburg, VA. 15 pp.
- Matson Consulting. 2012. Feasibility Study for a Small Farm Cidery in Nelson County, VA.
- Complying with New York’s Alcoholic Beverage Control Law- A Guide For Craft Manufacturers
- NYS Special Provisions Related to Cider
Cider and Apple Associations
The United States is home to a rapidly growing number of cideries and New York is no exception! To help foster a larger sense of community among producers some cider associations have been established; visit their webpages to learn more about the many services and membership benefits they offer as a state or national cider association.
Cornell Cooperative Extension
Cornell’s Tree Fruit Website– offers a plethora of information for best practices of growing apples including: production manuals, fact sheets, organic guides, and economic data.
Other University Cider Resources
Cornell often collaborates with other universities to develop a strong research support network for apple growers and cider producers alike. Explore what some of our partner institutes have for hard cider resources.
- Washington State University
- University of Vermont
- Pennsylvania State University
- Michigan State University: Hard Cider Varieties Suitable for Northern Michigan (by Nikki Rothwell)